Tips to grow roses and propagate from cuttings

Tips to Grow Roses and Propagate from Cuttings

Roses are renowned for their beauty, fragrance, and variety of colors, making them a beloved addition to any garden. Growing roses from cuttings allows you to replicate your favorite varieties and expand your rose collection without having to buy new plants. This article will guide you through the steps and provide valuable tips for successfully growing roses from cuttings.

Introduction to Propagating Roses from Cuttings

Propagating roses from cuttings is a cost-effective and satisfying way to grow new plants. It involves taking a stem from a healthy, established rose plant and encouraging it to develop roots and grow into a new plant. This method allows you to preserve the traits and characteristics of the parent plant, ensuring that your new roses will bloom with the same vigor and beauty.

Step-by-Step Guide to Propagating Roses from Cuttings

  1. Selecting the Right Cutting:
    Choose a healthy rose plant with strong, disease-free stems. Select semi-hardwood cuttings that are about 6-8 inches long, taken from the current season’s growth. The ideal time to take cuttings is in late spring or early summer when the plant is actively growing.
  2. Preparing the Cutting:
    Use clean, sharp pruning shears to cut the stem just below a leaf node (where the leaf meets the stem). Remove any flowers or buds and trim the leaves, leaving only a few at the top to reduce moisture loss.
  3. Applying Rooting Hormone (Optional):
    Dip the cut end of the stem in rooting hormone powder or gel to stimulate root development. Rooting hormone isn’t always necessary but can increase the success rate of rooting, especially for harder-to-root varieties.
  4. Planting the Cutting:
    Prepare a pot with well-draining soil or a mix of perlite and peat moss. Insert the prepared cutting into the soil, burying at least one node. Firm the soil around the cutting to provide stability.
  5. Creating a Humid Environment:
    Cover the pot with a plastic bag or a propagation dome to maintain high humidity levels. Place the pot in a bright location with indirect sunlight to promote root growth. Mist the leaves regularly to prevent them from drying out.
  6. Maintaining Moisture and Temperature:
    Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Check the moisture level regularly and water as needed. Maintain a temperature of around 70-75°F (21-24°C) for optimal rooting conditions.
  7. Root Development:
    Roots typically begin to form within 4-6 weeks. To check for root development, gently tug on the cutting after a few weeks. Once roots are established and about 1-2 inches long, the cutting can be transplanted into a larger container or directly into the garden.
  8. Transplanting the Rooted Cutting:
    Carefully transplant the rooted cutting into a larger pot or into well-prepared garden soil. Water thoroughly after transplanting and continue to monitor the plant’s growth.
  9. Providing Ongoing Care:
    Place the newly transplanted rose in a sunny location with at least 6 hours of sunlight per day. Water deeply but infrequently, allowing the top inch of soil to dry out between waterings. Fertilize with a balanced rose fertilizer during the growing season to encourage healthy growth and flowering.
  10. Monitoring Growth and Blooming:
    Monitor the growth of your propagated rose plant and prune as needed to promote bushy growth and flowering. With proper care and attention to detail, your propagated roses will flourish and reward you with beautiful blooms throughout the growing season.


Growing roses from cuttings is a rewarding process that allows you to propagate and expand your garden with beautiful, fragrant roses. By following these tips and techniques for propagating roses from cuttings, you can successfully grow healthy plants that bloom abundantly year after year. Whether you’re a novice gardener or an experienced enthusiast, propagating roses from cuttings is a skill that will bring joy and satisfaction as you watch your garden flourish with these timeless beauties.

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