How to grow potatoes in pots and have a constant supply

Growing potatoes in pots is an excellent way to cultivate this versatile vegetable even if you have limited space or no garden at all. With the right containers, soil, and care, you can enjoy a constant supply of fresh, homegrown potatoes throughout the growing season. This article will guide you through the process step-by-step, covering everything from selecting the right containers to harvesting your bounty.


Potatoes are a staple in many diets worldwide, prized for their versatility and nutritional value. Growing potatoes in pots not only saves space but also allows you to control the growing conditions more effectively. Whether you’re a beginner gardener or have some experience, this method can yield satisfying results with proper planning and care.

Step 1: Selecting the Potatoes

The first step in growing potatoes in pots is selecting the right seed potatoes. These are specially grown potatoes meant for planting rather than eating. Choose certified disease-free seed potatoes from a reputable garden center or online supplier. Varieties suited for container gardening include Yukon Gold, Red Pontiac, and fingerling potatoes.

Step 2: Choosing the Containers

Select containers or pots that are large enough to accommodate the potatoes’ growth. Each seed potato will require approximately 5 gallons (about 20 liters) of space to grow properly. Containers should have drainage holes to prevent waterlogging, which can lead to root rot. Fabric grow bags, plastic pots, or even recycled containers like buckets can work well for growing potatoes.

Step 3: Preparing the Potting Mix

Potatoes thrive in loose, well-draining soil. Prepare a potting mix suitable for containers, such as a blend of equal parts potting soil, compost, and perlite or coarse sand for added drainage. Fill the containers about one-third full with the potting mix.

Step 4: Chitting the Potatoes (Optional)

Chitting is the process of allowing seed potatoes to sprout before planting to encourage faster growth. Place the seed potatoes in a cool, dry place with indirect sunlight for a few weeks before planting. This step is optional but can lead to earlier and more uniform sprouting.

Step 5: Planting the Potatoes

Plant the chitted or unchitted seed potatoes in the prepared containers. Place 2-3 seed potatoes in each container, spacing them evenly apart. Bury the seed potatoes about 4 inches deep in the soil mix, ensuring the sprouts (if chitted) are facing upward.

Step 6: Watering and Sunlight

Water the potatoes thoroughly after planting to settle the soil. Place the containers in a sunny location where the plants will receive at least 6-8 hours of sunlight daily. Keep the soil consistently moist throughout the growing season, but avoid overwatering, which can lead to rotting.

Step 7: Hilling the Potatoes

As the potato plants grow and reach a height of about 6 inches, begin hilling them. Hilling involves mounding soil around the base of the plants to cover the lower stems and any exposed tubers. Repeat this process every few weeks as the plants continue to grow, ensuring only the top few inches of foliage remain exposed.

Step 8: Fertilizing

Potatoes are heavy feeders and benefit from regular fertilization. Apply a balanced fertilizer or organic compost around the plants every 4-6 weeks to provide essential nutrients for healthy growth and tuber development. Avoid high-nitrogen fertilizers, as they can encourage excessive foliage growth at the expense of tuber production.

Step 9: Managing Pests and Diseases

Keep an eye out for common potato pests such as aphids, potato beetles, and fungal diseases like late blight. Monitor the plants regularly and take appropriate action if any issues arise. Use organic pest control methods whenever possible to minimize chemical exposure.

Step 10: Harvesting the Potatoes

Potatoes are typically ready for harvest 10-12 weeks after planting, depending on the variety and growing conditions. Harvest new potatoes by gently digging around the base of the plant and removing tubers as needed. For mature potatoes, wait until the foliage dies back and turns yellow. Carefully dig up the potatoes using a garden fork or shovel to avoid damaging them.


Growing potatoes in pots is a rewarding gardening experience that allows you to enjoy a continuous supply of fresh, flavorful potatoes throughout the growing season. By following these steps and providing proper care, you can successfully cultivate potatoes in containers regardless of your gardening space. Whether you’re growing potatoes for culinary delights or simply enjoying the process of gardening, this method offers a convenient and productive way to grow your own food at home.

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