How to grow a mango tree from seed

Growing a mango tree from seed is a rewarding and fascinating endeavor that allows you to cultivate a tropical fruit tree right in your own home or garden. Mangoes (Mangifera indica) are prized for their deliciously sweet and juicy fruits, making them a popular choice among fruit enthusiasts and gardeners alike. While growing a mango tree from seed requires patience and dedication, the process is relatively straightforward and offers a deep sense of satisfaction as you watch your tree grow and eventually bear fruit. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore step-by-step how to grow a mango tree from seed, covering everything from selecting the right mango fruit to caring for your seedling as it matures into a healthy tree.

Introduction to Growing Mango Trees from Seed

Mango trees are native to South Asia but are now cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions around the world. Known for their large, evergreen foliage and delicious fruits, mango trees can reach heights of up to 100 feet (30 meters) when grown in their optimal conditions. While it’s quicker to grow mango trees from grafted nursery stock to ensure fruit quality and maturity, growing from seed offers a sense of accomplishment and the opportunity to experience the tree’s full life cycle.

Step-by-Step Guide: How to Grow a Mango Tree from Seed

1. Selecting a Ripe Mango Fruit:

  • Choose a ripe mango that is free from blemishes or bruises. Look for varieties known for their flavorful fruits, such as Alphonso, Haden, or Tommy Atkins.

2. Removing the Mango Seed:

  • Carefully remove the seed from the flesh of the mango. Clean off any remaining fruit pulp by rinsing the seed under cool water.

3. Preparing the Mango Seed:

  • Allow the mango seed to air dry for a few days until the outer husk becomes dry and shriveled. Use caution when removing the husk to avoid damaging the inner seed.

4. Soaking the Mango Seed:

  • To speed up germination, soak the mango seed in water overnight or for up to 24 hours. This softens the outer seed coat and encourages quicker sprouting.

5. Planting the Mango Seed:

  • Fill a large container or seedling tray with well-draining potting mix. Plant the mango seed horizontally with the rounded edge facing downward and the pointed tip slightly above the soil surface.

6. Providing Optimal Conditions:

  • Place the planted mango seed in a warm, sunny location. Mango trees thrive in temperatures between 70-85°F (21-29°C) and require plenty of sunlight to grow successfully.

7. Watering and Care:

  • Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Water the seedling regularly, especially during dry periods, to encourage healthy growth.

8. Transplanting the Seedling:

  • Once the mango seedling has developed several sets of true leaves and is about 6-12 inches tall, transplant it into a larger pot or directly into the ground if you live in a suitable climate.

9. Fertilizing the Mango Tree:

  • Fertilize the mango tree with a balanced fertilizer formulated for fruit trees. Apply fertilizer during the growing season to promote vigorous growth and fruit production.

10. Pruning and Training:
– As the mango tree grows, prune it selectively to encourage a strong framework of branches. Remove any dead, damaged, or crossing branches to improve airflow and light penetration.

11. Protecting from Cold Weather:
– Mango trees are sensitive to cold temperatures, especially young seedlings. If you live in a region with cool winters, consider growing your mango tree in a container that can be moved indoors during cold snaps.

Benefits of Growing Mango Trees from Seed

Growing a mango tree from seed offers several advantages beyond the joy of cultivating your own fruit tree. It allows you to:

  • Experience the Full Life Cycle: Witnessing the growth stages from seed germination to fruit production provides a deeper appreciation for the plant’s life cycle.
  • Preserve Genetic Diversity: Growing from seed preserves genetic diversity within the mango species, potentially resulting in unique fruit flavors and characteristics.
  • Educational Experience: It’s an excellent educational project for children and adults alike, teaching valuable lessons about plant biology and gardening.


Growing a mango tree from seed is a fulfilling journey that requires patience and attention to detail but rewards you with the opportunity to enjoy fresh mangoes from your own tree. By following these steps and providing proper care throughout the plant’s growth stages, you can successfully cultivate a healthy mango tree that will thrive for years to come. Whether you’re a novice gardener or a seasoned enthusiast, growing mangoes from seed is an enriching experience that connects you with nature and the joys of homegrown fruit.

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